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Pablo Picasso is considered for being one of the most popular painters in the 20th century. He was born in Malaga, Spain on October 20, 1881. Furthermore, to painting, Picasso was a printmaker, stage designer, ceramicist, poet, and playwright. He spent his most adult life in France.
on October 25, 1881, Picasso was born in Málaga, a city of Spain. The mother of Picasso was Doña Maria Picasso y Lopez. His father was Don José Ruiz Blasco, a painter & art teacher. A serious world-weary kid, the young Picasso had a pair of piercing, black eyes that mark him destined for greatness. Picasso's father started teaching him to draw and paint when he was a kid as well as by the time, he was 13 years old, his skill level had surpassed his father's. Soon, Picasso lost his wish to do schoolwork, and opt to spend the school days doodling in his notebook. When Picasso was 14 years old in 1895, his family went to Barcelona, Spain, where he applied to the prestigious School of Fine Arts. Though the school accepted students many years his senior, Picasso's entrance exam was so extraordinary that he was granted an exception and admitted. However, Picasso chafed at the School strict rules and began skipping class so that he can roam the Barcelona streets, sketching the scenes of the city he saw. A 16-year-old Picasso went to Madrid in 1897 for joining the Royal Academy of San Fernando. But, he got frustrated again with his school's singular focus on classical subjects and also techniques. In 1899, Picasso went back to Barcelona and met different artists and intellectuals who made their headquarters at a café called El Quatre Gats. Inspired by different anarchists and radicals whom he met there, he made his conclusive break from the classical ways in which he was trained and began what will become the all-time process of innovation.
Picasso is famous for reinventing himself, switching between styles radically and his life's work seems to be the work of 5 or 6 good artists instead of just one. For his style diversity, Picasso insisted that his work would not indicative of radical shifts via his career, but, of his dedication to evaluating for each piece the form and technique suited to get his desired impact.
Art critics break the adult career of Picasso into different periods, the first who lasted from 1901 to 1904 and is called his "Blue Period," after the color which had dominated almost all his paintings these years. later, Picasso went to Paris to open his own studio. He got depressed due to the death of his friend named Carlos Casagemas, and he then painted poverty, isolation, etc scenes in shades of blue and green.
'Blue Nude’ and ‘The Old Guitarist’
Picasso's popular paintings from the Blue Period are known as "Blue Nude," "La Vie" and "The Old Guitarist," all were completed in 1903. In observation of his Blue Period, writer Charles Morice asked once, Is this intelligent kid not fated for bestowing the consecration of a masterpiece on the negative living sense, the disease from which he is suffering more than anybody else?
Rose Period: 'Gertrude Stein' and 'Two Nudes'
Picasso overcame his depression in 1905 and the artistic expression of Picasso was the introduction of warm colors like beiges, pinks, and reds which are known as his Rose Period. He was madly in love with a model, Fernande Olivier that time and he was newly prosperous. His most popular paintings from these years involve Family at Saltimbanques" (1905), "Gertrude Stein" (1905-06), and "2 Nudes" (1906).
It was an artistic style founded by Picasso as well as his friend and colleague painter Georges Braque. In the Cubist paintings of him, objects can be seen as broken apart and re-assembled in the form of abstract, which highlight their geometric shapes and depicting them from simultaneous viewpoints to make physics-defying and collage-like impacts. At once Cubism shocked and fascinated the art globe.
Les Desmoiselles d’Avignon
Picasso did a painting in 1907, which is now taken as the precursor and inspiration of Cubism. This painting is Les Demoiselles d'Avignon.
Classical Period: ‘Three Women at the Spring’
Picasso’s works from 1918 to 1927 are known as his Classical Period, getting back to Realism in a career otherwise dominated by experimentation. The outbreak of World War I ushered in the next good change in Picasso's art. He grew further somber and, once again, preoccupied with the depiction of reality. His best works from this mentioned period involve 2 Women Running on the Beach (1922), 3 Women at the Spring (1921), and "The Pipes of Pan" (1923).
From 1927 onward, Picasso became caught up in a new philosophical as well as a cultural movement called Surrealism, the artistic manifestation of which was a product of his own Cubism. Picasso's popular Surrealist painting, considered one of the great paintings of all time, was done in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War known as Guernica.
Later Works: 'Self Portrait Facing Death'
Contrary to the dazzling complication of Synthetic Cubism, Picasso's paintings painted later display childlike imagery or crude technique. In the aftermath of World War II, Picasso became further overtly political, joining the Communist Party. He was twice honored with the International Lenin Peace Prize, first in 1950 as well as again in 1961. By this point in his life, he was an international celebrity, the world's most popular living artist. Some people paid attention to his art during this time. Picasso kept on making art and maintain a schedule in his later years, believing that work will keep him alive.
On April 8, 1973, Picasso passed away at the age of 91, in Mougins located in France. He died due to heart failure, while he and his wife named Jacqueline were entertaining friends for dinner. being radical in his work, Picasso keeps garnering reverence for his visionary creativity as well as profound empathy. For 80 years, he devoted himself to artistic creations, he believed, which will keep him alive, contributing to the modern art development in the 20th century.